Source code for colour.characterisation.aces_it

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
"""
Academy Color Encoding System - Input Transform
===============================================

Defines the *Academy Color Encoding System* (ACES) *Input Transform* utilities:

-   :func:`colour.sd_to_aces_relative_exposure_values`
-   :func:`colour.sd_to_ACES2065_1`
-   :func:`colour.characterisation.read_training_data_rawtoaces_v1`
-   :func:`colour.characterisation.generate_illuminants_rawtoaces_v1`
-   :func:`colour.characterisation.white_balance_multipliers`
-   :func:`colour.characterisation.best_illuminant`
-   :func:`colour.characterisation.normalise_illuminant`
-   :func:`colour.characterisation.training_data_sds_to_RGB`
-   :func:`colour.characterisation.training_data_sds_to_XYZ`
-   :func:`colour.characterisation.optimisation_factory_rawtoaces_v1`
-   :func:`colour.characterisation.optimisation_factory_JzAzBz`
-   :func:`colour.matrix_idt`
-   :func:`colour.camera_RGB_to_ACES2065_1`

References
----------
-   :cite:`Dyer2017` : Dyer, S., Forsythe, A., Irons, J., Mansencal, T., & Zhu,
    M. (2017). RAW to ACES (Version 1.0) [Computer software].
-   :cite:`Forsythe2018` : Borer, T. (2017). Private Discussion with Mansencal,
    T. and Shaw, N.
-   :cite:`TheAcademyofMotionPictureArtsandSciences2014q` : The Academy of
    Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, Science and Technology Council, & Academy
    Color Encoding System (ACES) Project Subcommittee. (2014). Technical
    Bulletin TB-2014-004 - Informative Notes on SMPTE ST 2065-1 - Academy Color
    Encoding Specification (ACES) (pp. 1-40). Retrieved December 19, 2014, from
    http://j.mp/TB-2014-004
-   :cite:`TheAcademyofMotionPictureArtsandSciences2014r` : The Academy of
    Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, Science and Technology Council, & Academy
    Color Encoding System (ACES) Project Subcommittee. (2014). Technical
    Bulletin TB-2014-012 - Academy Color Encoding System Version 1.0 Component
    Names (pp. 1-8). Retrieved December 19, 2014, from http://j.mp/TB-2014-012
-   :cite:`TheAcademyofMotionPictureArtsandSciences2015c` : The Academy of
    Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, Science and Technology Council, & Academy
    Color Encoding System (ACES) Project Subcommittee. (2015). Procedure
    P-2013-001 - Recommended Procedures for the Creation and Use of Digital
    Camera System Input Device Transforms (IDTs) (pp. 1-29). Retrieved April
    24, 2015, from http://j.mp/P-2013-001
-   :cite:`TheAcademyofMotionPictureArtsandSciencese` : The Academy of Motion
    Picture Arts and Sciences, Science and Technology Council, & Academy Color
    Encoding System (ACES) Project Subcommittee. (n.d.). Academy Color Encoding
    System. Retrieved February 24, 2014, from
    http://www.oscars.org/science-technology/council/projects/aces.html
"""

import numpy as np
import os
from scipy.optimize import minimize

from colour.adaptation import matrix_chromatic_adaptation_VonKries
from colour.algebra import euclidean_distance, vector_dot
from colour.colorimetry import (
    MSDS_CMFS, SDS_ILLUMINANTS, SpectralShape, sds_and_msds_to_msds,
    sd_CIE_illuminant_D_series, sd_blackbody, sd_to_XYZ)
from colour.constants import DEFAULT_INT_DTYPE
from colour.characterisation import MSDS_ACES_RICD
from colour.io import read_sds_from_csv_file
from colour.models import XYZ_to_JzAzBz, XYZ_to_Lab, XYZ_to_xy, xy_to_XYZ
from colour.models.rgb import (RGB_COLOURSPACE_ACES2065_1, RGB_to_XYZ,
                               XYZ_to_RGB, normalised_primary_matrix)
from colour.temperature import CCT_to_xy_CIE_D
from colour.utilities import (CaseInsensitiveMapping, as_float_array,
                              from_range_1, runtime_warning, tsplit,
                              suppress_warnings)

__author__ = 'Colour Developers'
__copyright__ = 'Copyright (C) 2013-2021 - Colour Developers'
__license__ = 'New BSD License - https://opensource.org/licenses/BSD-3-Clause'
__maintainer__ = 'Colour Developers'
__email__ = 'colour-developers@colour-science.org'
__status__ = 'Production'

__all__ = [
    'FLARE_PERCENTAGE', 'S_FLARE_FACTOR',
    'sd_to_aces_relative_exposure_values', 'sd_to_ACES2065_1',
    'SPECTRAL_SHAPE_RAWTOACES', 'RESOURCES_DIRECTORY_RAWTOACES',
    'read_training_data_rawtoaces_v1', 'generate_illuminants_rawtoaces_v1',
    'white_balance_multipliers', 'best_illuminant', 'normalise_illuminant',
    'training_data_sds_to_RGB', 'training_data_sds_to_XYZ',
    'optimisation_factory_rawtoaces_v1', 'optimisation_factory_JzAzBz',
    'matrix_idt'
]

FLARE_PERCENTAGE = 0.00500
"""
Flare percentage in the *ACES* system.

FLARE_PERCENTAGE : float
"""

S_FLARE_FACTOR = 0.18000 / (0.18000 + FLARE_PERCENTAGE)
"""
Flare modulation factor in the *ACES* system.

S_FLARE_FACTOR : float
"""


[docs]def sd_to_aces_relative_exposure_values( sd, illuminant=SDS_ILLUMINANTS['D65'], apply_chromatic_adaptation=False, chromatic_adaptation_transform='CAT02'): """ Converts given spectral distribution to *ACES2065-1* colourspace relative exposure values. Parameters ---------- sd : SpectralDistribution Spectral distribution. illuminant : SpectralDistribution, optional *Illuminant* spectral distribution. apply_chromatic_adaptation : bool, optional Whether to apply chromatic adaptation using given transform. chromatic_adaptation_transform : unicode, optional **{'CAT02', 'XYZ Scaling', 'Von Kries', 'Bradford', 'Sharp', 'Fairchild', 'CMCCAT97', 'CMCCAT2000', 'CAT02 Brill 2008', 'Bianco 2010', 'Bianco PC 2010'}**, *Chromatic adaptation* transform. Returns ------- ndarray, (3,) *ACES2065-1* colourspace relative exposure values array. Notes ----- +------------+-----------------------+---------------+ | **Range** | **Scale - Reference** | **Scale - 1** | +============+=======================+===============+ | ``XYZ`` | [0, 100] | [0, 1] | +------------+-----------------------+---------------+ - The chromatic adaptation method implemented here is a bit unusual as it involves building a new colourspace based on *ACES2065-1* colourspace primaries but using the whitepoint of the illuminant that the spectral distribution was measured under. References ---------- :cite:`Forsythe2018`, :cite:`TheAcademyofMotionPictureArtsandSciences2014q`, :cite:`TheAcademyofMotionPictureArtsandSciences2014r`, :cite:`TheAcademyofMotionPictureArtsandSciencese` Examples -------- >>> from colour import SDS_COLOURCHECKERS >>> sd = SDS_COLOURCHECKERS['ColorChecker N Ohta']['dark skin'] >>> sd_to_aces_relative_exposure_values(sd) # doctest: +ELLIPSIS array([ 0.1171814..., 0.0866360..., 0.0589726...]) >>> sd_to_aces_relative_exposure_values(sd, ... apply_chromatic_adaptation=True) # doctest: +ELLIPSIS array([ 0.1180779..., 0.0869031..., 0.0589125...]) """ shape = MSDS_ACES_RICD.shape if sd.shape != MSDS_ACES_RICD.shape: sd = sd.copy().align(shape) if illuminant.shape != MSDS_ACES_RICD.shape: illuminant = illuminant.copy().align(shape) s_v = sd.values i_v = illuminant.values r_bar, g_bar, b_bar = tsplit(MSDS_ACES_RICD.values) def k(x, y): """ Computes the :math:`K_r`, :math:`K_g` or :math:`K_b` scale factors. """ return 1 / np.sum(x * y) k_r = k(i_v, r_bar) k_g = k(i_v, g_bar) k_b = k(i_v, b_bar) E_r = k_r * np.sum(i_v * s_v * r_bar) E_g = k_g * np.sum(i_v * s_v * g_bar) E_b = k_b * np.sum(i_v * s_v * b_bar) E_rgb = np.array([E_r, E_g, E_b]) # Accounting for flare. E_rgb += FLARE_PERCENTAGE E_rgb *= S_FLARE_FACTOR if apply_chromatic_adaptation: xy = XYZ_to_xy(sd_to_XYZ(illuminant) / 100) NPM = normalised_primary_matrix(RGB_COLOURSPACE_ACES2065_1.primaries, xy) XYZ = RGB_to_XYZ(E_rgb, xy, RGB_COLOURSPACE_ACES2065_1.whitepoint, NPM, chromatic_adaptation_transform) E_rgb = XYZ_to_RGB(XYZ, RGB_COLOURSPACE_ACES2065_1.whitepoint, RGB_COLOURSPACE_ACES2065_1.whitepoint, RGB_COLOURSPACE_ACES2065_1.matrix_XYZ_to_RGB) return from_range_1(E_rgb)
sd_to_ACES2065_1 = sd_to_aces_relative_exposure_values SPECTRAL_SHAPE_RAWTOACES = SpectralShape(380, 780, 5) """ Default spectral shape according to *RAW to ACES* v1. SPECTRAL_SHAPE_RAWTOACES : SpectralShape """ RESOURCES_DIRECTORY_RAWTOACES = os.path.join( os.path.dirname(__file__), 'datasets', 'rawtoaces') """ *RAW to ACES* resources directory. Notes ----- - *Colour* only ships a minimal dataset from *RAW to ACES*, please see `Colour - Datasets <https://github.com/colour-science/colour-datasets>`_ for the complete *RAW to ACES* v1 dataset, i.e. *3372171*. RESOURCES_DIRECTORY_RAWTOACES : unicode """ _TRAINING_DATA_RAWTOACES_V1 = None
[docs]def read_training_data_rawtoaces_v1(): """ Reads the *RAW to ACES* v1 190 patches. Returns ------- MultiSpectralDistributions *RAW to ACES* v1 190 patches. References ---------- :cite:`Dyer2017` Examples -------- >>> len(read_training_data_rawtoaces_v1().labels) 190 """ global _TRAINING_DATA_RAWTOACES_V1 if _TRAINING_DATA_RAWTOACES_V1 is not None: training_data = _TRAINING_DATA_RAWTOACES_V1 else: path = os.path.join(RESOURCES_DIRECTORY_RAWTOACES, '190_Patches.csv') training_data = sds_and_msds_to_msds( read_sds_from_csv_file(path).values()) _TRAINING_DATA_RAWTOACES_V1 = training_data return training_data
_ILLUMINANTS_RAWTOACES_V1 = None
[docs]def generate_illuminants_rawtoaces_v1(): """ Generates a series of illuminants according to *RAW to ACES* v1: - *CIE Illuminant D Series* in range [4000, 25000] kelvin degrees. - *Blackbodies* in range [1000, 3500] kelvin degrees. - A.M.P.A.S. variant of *ISO 7589 Studio Tungsten*. Returns ------- CaseInsensitiveMapping Series of illuminants. Notes ----- - This definition introduces a few differences compared to *RAW to ACES* v1: *CIE Illuminant D Series* are computed in range [4002.15, 7003.77] kelvin degrees and the :math:`C_2` change is not used in *RAW to ACES* v1. References ---------- :cite:`Dyer2017` Examples -------- >>> list(sorted(generate_illuminants_rawtoaces_v1().keys())) ['1000K Blackbody', '1500K Blackbody', '2000K Blackbody', \ '2500K Blackbody', '3000K Blackbody', '3500K Blackbody', 'D100', 'D105', \ 'D110', 'D115', 'D120', 'D125', 'D130', 'D135', 'D140', 'D145', 'D150', \ 'D155', 'D160', 'D165', 'D170', 'D175', 'D180', 'D185', 'D190', 'D195', \ 'D200', 'D205', 'D210', 'D215', 'D220', 'D225', 'D230', 'D235', 'D240', \ 'D245', 'D250', 'D40', 'D45', 'D50', 'D55', 'D60', 'D65', 'D70', 'D75', \ 'D80', 'D85', 'D90', 'D95', 'iso7589'] """ global _ILLUMINANTS_RAWTOACES_V1 if _ILLUMINANTS_RAWTOACES_V1 is not None: illuminants = _ILLUMINANTS_RAWTOACES_V1 else: illuminants = CaseInsensitiveMapping() # CIE Illuminants D Series from 4000K to 25000K. for i in np.arange(4000, 25000 + 500, 500): CCT = i * 1.4388 / 1.4380 xy = CCT_to_xy_CIE_D(CCT) sd = sd_CIE_illuminant_D_series(xy) sd.name = 'D{0:d}'.format(DEFAULT_INT_DTYPE(CCT / 100)) illuminants[sd.name] = sd.align(SPECTRAL_SHAPE_RAWTOACES) # TODO: Remove when removing the "colour.sd_blackbody" definition # warning. with suppress_warnings(colour_usage_warnings=True): # Blackbody from 1000K to 4000K. for i in np.arange(1000, 4000, 500): sd = sd_blackbody(i, SPECTRAL_SHAPE_RAWTOACES) illuminants[sd.name] = sd # A.M.P.A.S. variant of ISO 7589 Studio Tungsten. sd = read_sds_from_csv_file( os.path.join(RESOURCES_DIRECTORY_RAWTOACES, 'AMPAS_ISO_7589_Tungsten.csv'))['iso7589'] illuminants.update({sd.name: sd}) _ILLUMINANTS_RAWTOACES_V1 = illuminants return illuminants
[docs]def white_balance_multipliers(sensitivities, illuminant): """ Computes the *RGB* white balance multipliers for given camera *RGB* spectral sensitivities and illuminant. Parameters ---------- sensitivities : RGB_CameraSensitivities Camera *RGB* spectral sensitivities. illuminant : SpectralDistribution Illuminant spectral distribution. Returns ------- ndarray *RGB* white balance multipliers. References ---------- :cite:`Dyer2017` Examples -------- >>> path = os.path.join( ... RESOURCES_DIRECTORY_RAWTOACES, ... 'CANON_EOS_5DMark_II_RGB_Sensitivities.csv') >>> sensitivities = sds_and_msds_to_msds( ... read_sds_from_csv_file(path).values()) >>> illuminant = SDS_ILLUMINANTS['D55'] >>> white_balance_multipliers(sensitivities, illuminant) ... # doctest: +ELLIPSIS array([ 2.3414154..., 1. , 1.5163375...]) """ shape = sensitivities.shape if illuminant.shape != shape: runtime_warning('Aligning "{0}" illuminant shape to "{1}".'.format( illuminant.name, shape)) illuminant = illuminant.copy().align(shape) RGB_w = 1 / np.sum( sensitivities.values * illuminant.values[..., np.newaxis], axis=0) RGB_w *= 1 / np.min(RGB_w) return RGB_w
[docs]def best_illuminant(RGB_w, sensitivities, illuminants): """ Select the best illuminant for given *RGB* white balance multipliers, and sensitivities in given series of illuminants. Parameters ---------- RGB_w : array_like *RGB* white balance multipliers. sensitivities : RGB_CameraSensitivities Camera *RGB* spectral sensitivities. illuminants : SpectralDistribution Illuminant spectral distributions to choose the best illuminant from. Returns ------- SpectralDistribution Best illuminant. Examples -------- >>> path = os.path.join( ... RESOURCES_DIRECTORY_RAWTOACES, ... 'CANON_EOS_5DMark_II_RGB_Sensitivities.csv') >>> sensitivities = sds_and_msds_to_msds( ... read_sds_from_csv_file(path).values()) >>> illuminants = generate_illuminants_rawtoaces_v1() >>> RGB_w = white_balance_multipliers( ... sensitivities, SDS_ILLUMINANTS['FL2']) >>> best_illuminant(RGB_w, sensitivities, illuminants).name 'D40' """ RGB_w = as_float_array(RGB_w) sse = np.inf illuminant_b = None for illuminant in illuminants.values(): RGB_wi = white_balance_multipliers(sensitivities, illuminant) sse_c = np.sum((RGB_wi / RGB_w - 1) ** 2) if sse_c < sse: sse = sse_c illuminant_b = illuminant return illuminant_b
[docs]def normalise_illuminant(illuminant, sensitivities): """ Normalises given illuminant with given camera *RGB* spectral sensitivities. The multiplicative inverse scaling factor :math:`k` is computed by multiplying the illuminant by the sensitivies channel with the maximum value. Parameters ---------- illuminant : SpectralDistribution Illuminant spectral distribution. sensitivities : RGB_CameraSensitivities Camera *RGB* spectral sensitivities. Returns ------- SpectralDistribution Normalised illuminant. Examples -------- >>> path = os.path.join( ... RESOURCES_DIRECTORY_RAWTOACES, ... 'CANON_EOS_5DMark_II_RGB_Sensitivities.csv') >>> sensitivities = sds_and_msds_to_msds( ... read_sds_from_csv_file(path).values()) >>> illuminant = SDS_ILLUMINANTS['D55'] >>> np.sum(illuminant.values) # doctest: +ELLIPSIS 7276.1490000... >>> np.sum(normalise_illuminant(illuminant, sensitivities).values) ... # doctest: +ELLIPSIS 3.4390373... """ shape = sensitivities.shape if illuminant.shape != shape: runtime_warning('Aligning "{0}" illuminant shape to "{1}".'.format( illuminant.name, shape)) illuminant = illuminant.copy().align(shape) c_i = np.argmax(np.max(sensitivities.values, axis=0)) k = 1 / np.sum(illuminant.values * sensitivities.values[..., c_i]) return illuminant * k
[docs]def training_data_sds_to_RGB(training_data, sensitivities, illuminant): """ Converts given training data to *RGB* tristimulus values using given illuminant and given camera *RGB* spectral sensitivities. Parameters ---------- training_data : MultiSpectralDistributions Training data multi-spectral distributions. sensitivities : RGB_CameraSensitivities Camera *RGB* spectral sensitivities. illuminant : SpectralDistribution Illuminant spectral distribution. Returns ------- tuple Tuple of training data *RGB* tristimulus values and white balance multipliers. Examples -------- >>> path = os.path.join( ... RESOURCES_DIRECTORY_RAWTOACES, ... 'CANON_EOS_5DMark_II_RGB_Sensitivities.csv') >>> sensitivities = sds_and_msds_to_msds( ... read_sds_from_csv_file(path).values()) >>> illuminant = normalise_illuminant( ... SDS_ILLUMINANTS['D55'], sensitivities) >>> training_data = read_training_data_rawtoaces_v1() >>> RGB, RGB_w = training_data_sds_to_RGB( ... training_data, sensitivities, illuminant) >>> RGB[:5] # doctest: +ELLIPSIS array([[ 0.0207582..., 0.0196857..., 0.0213935...], [ 0.0895775..., 0.0891922..., 0.0891091...], [ 0.7810230..., 0.7801938..., 0.7764302...], [ 0.1995 ..., 0.1995 ..., 0.1995 ...], [ 0.5898478..., 0.5904015..., 0.5851076...]]) >>> RGB_w # doctest: +ELLIPSIS array([ 2.3414154..., 1. , 1.5163375...]) """ shape = sensitivities.shape if illuminant.shape != shape: runtime_warning('Aligning "{0}" illuminant shape to "{1}".'.format( illuminant.name, shape)) illuminant = illuminant.copy().align(shape) if training_data.shape != shape: runtime_warning('Aligning "{0}" training data shape to "{1}".'.format( training_data.name, shape)) training_data = training_data.copy().align(shape) RGB_w = white_balance_multipliers(sensitivities, illuminant) RGB = np.dot( np.transpose( illuminant.values[..., np.newaxis] * training_data.values), sensitivities.values) RGB *= RGB_w return RGB, RGB_w
[docs]def training_data_sds_to_XYZ(training_data, cmfs, illuminant, chromatic_adaptation_transform='CAT02'): """ Converts given training data to *CIE XYZ* tristimulus values using given illuminant and given standard observer colour matching functions. Parameters ---------- training_data : MultiSpectralDistributions Training data multi-spectral distributions. cmfs : XYZ_ColourMatchingFunctions Standard observer colour matching functions. illuminant : SpectralDistribution Illuminant spectral distribution. chromatic_adaptation_transform : unicode, optional **{'CAT02', 'XYZ Scaling', 'Von Kries', 'Bradford', 'Sharp', 'Fairchild', 'CMCCAT97', 'CMCCAT2000', 'CAT02 Brill 2008', 'Bianco 2010', 'Bianco PC 2010', None}**, *Chromatic adaptation* transform, if *None* no chromatic adaptation is performed. Returns ------- ndarray Training data *CIE XYZ* tristimulus values. Examples -------- >>> path = os.path.join( ... RESOURCES_DIRECTORY_RAWTOACES, ... 'CANON_EOS_5DMark_II_RGB_Sensitivities.csv') >>> cmfs = MSDS_CMFS['CIE 1931 2 Degree Standard Observer'] >>> sensitivities = sds_and_msds_to_msds( ... read_sds_from_csv_file(path).values()) >>> illuminant = normalise_illuminant( ... SDS_ILLUMINANTS['D55'], sensitivities) >>> training_data = read_training_data_rawtoaces_v1() >>> training_data_sds_to_XYZ(training_data, cmfs, illuminant)[:5] ... # doctest: +ELLIPSIS array([[ 0.0174353..., 0.0179504..., 0.0196109...], [ 0.0855607..., 0.0895735..., 0.0901703...], [ 0.7455880..., 0.7817549..., 0.7834356...], [ 0.1900528..., 0.1995 ..., 0.2012606...], [ 0.5626319..., 0.5914544..., 0.5894500...]]) """ shape = cmfs.shape if illuminant.shape != shape: runtime_warning('Aligning "{0}" illuminant shape to "{1}".'.format( illuminant.name, shape)) illuminant = illuminant.copy().align(shape) if training_data.shape != shape: runtime_warning('Aligning "{0}" training data shape to "{1}".'.format( training_data.name, shape)) training_data = training_data.copy().align(shape) XYZ = np.dot( np.transpose( illuminant.values[..., np.newaxis] * training_data.values), cmfs.values) XYZ *= 1 / np.sum(cmfs.values[..., 1] * illuminant.values) XYZ_w = np.dot(np.transpose(cmfs.values), illuminant.values) XYZ_w *= 1 / XYZ_w[1] M_CAT = matrix_chromatic_adaptation_VonKries( XYZ_w, xy_to_XYZ(RGB_COLOURSPACE_ACES2065_1.whitepoint), chromatic_adaptation_transform) XYZ = vector_dot(M_CAT, XYZ) return XYZ
[docs]def optimisation_factory_rawtoaces_v1(): """ Factory that returns the objective function and *CIE XYZ* colourspace to optimisation colourspace/colour model function according to *RAW to ACES* v1. The objective function returns the euclidean distance between the training data *RGB* tristimulus values and the training data *CIE XYZ* tristimulus values** in *CIE L\\*a\\*b\\** colourspace. Returns ------- tuple Objective function and *CIE XYZ* colourspace to *CIE L\\*a\\*b\\** colourspace function. Examples -------- >>> optimisation_factory_rawtoaces_v1() # doctest: +SKIP (<function optimisation_factory_rawtoaces_v1.<locals>\ .objective_function at 0x...>, \ <function optimisation_factory_rawtoaces_v1.<locals>\ .XYZ_to_optimization_colour_model at 0x...>) """ def objective_function(M, RGB, Lab): """ Objective function according to *RAW to ACES* v1. """ M = np.reshape(M, [3, 3]) XYZ_t = vector_dot(RGB_COLOURSPACE_ACES2065_1.matrix_RGB_to_XYZ, vector_dot(M, RGB)) Lab_t = XYZ_to_Lab(XYZ_t, RGB_COLOURSPACE_ACES2065_1.whitepoint) return np.linalg.norm(Lab_t - Lab) def XYZ_to_optimization_colour_model(XYZ): """ *CIE XYZ* colourspace to *CIE L\\*a\\*b\\** colourspace function. """ return XYZ_to_Lab(XYZ, RGB_COLOURSPACE_ACES2065_1.whitepoint) return objective_function, XYZ_to_optimization_colour_model
[docs]def optimisation_factory_JzAzBz(): """ Factory that returns the objective function and *CIE XYZ* colourspace to optimisation colourspace/colour model function based on the :math:`J_zA_zB_z` colourspace. The objective function returns the euclidean distance between the training data *RGB* tristimulus values and the training data *CIE XYZ* tristimulus values** in the :math:`J_zA_zB_z` colourspace. Returns ------- tuple Objective function and *CIE XYZ* colourspace to :math:`J_zA_zB_z` colourspace function. Examples -------- >>> optimisation_factory_JzAzBz() # doctest: +SKIP (<function optimisation_factory_JzAzBz.<locals>\ .objective_function at 0x...>, \ <function optimisation_factory_JzAzBz.<locals>\ .XYZ_to_optimization_colour_model at 0x...>) """ def objective_function(M, RGB, Jab): """ :math:`J_zA_zB_z` colourspace based objective function. """ M = np.reshape(M, [3, 3]) XYZ_t = vector_dot(RGB_COLOURSPACE_ACES2065_1.matrix_RGB_to_XYZ, vector_dot(M, RGB)) Jab_t = XYZ_to_JzAzBz(XYZ_t) return np.sum(euclidean_distance(Jab, Jab_t)) def XYZ_to_optimization_colour_model(XYZ): """ *CIE XYZ* colourspace to :math:`J_zA_zB_z` colourspace function. """ return XYZ_to_JzAzBz(XYZ) return objective_function, XYZ_to_optimization_colour_model
[docs]def matrix_idt(sensitivities, illuminant, training_data=None, cmfs=MSDS_CMFS['CIE 1931 2 Degree Standard Observer'].copy() .align(SPECTRAL_SHAPE_RAWTOACES), optimisation_factory=optimisation_factory_rawtoaces_v1, optimisation_kwargs=None, chromatic_adaptation_transform='CAT02', additional_data=False): """ Computes an *Input Device Transform* (IDT) matrix for given camera *RGB* spectral sensitivities, illuminant, training data, standard observer colour matching functions and optimization settings according to *RAW to ACES* v1 and *P-2013-001* procedures. Parameters ---------- sensitivities : RGB_CameraSensitivities Camera *RGB* spectral sensitivities. illuminant : SpectralDistribution Illuminant spectral distribution. training_data : MultiSpectralDistributions, optional Training data multi-spectral distributions, defaults to using the *RAW to ACES* v1 190 patches. cmfs : XYZ_ColourMatchingFunctions Standard observer colour matching functions. optimisation_factory : callable, optional Callable producing the objective function and the *CIE XYZ* to optimisation colour model function. optimisation_kwargs : dict_like, optional Parameters for :func:`scipy.optimize.minimize` definition. chromatic_adaptation_transform : unicode, optional **{'CAT02', 'XYZ Scaling', 'Von Kries', 'Bradford', 'Sharp', 'Fairchild', 'CMCCAT97', 'CMCCAT2000', 'CAT02 Brill 2008', 'Bianco 2010', 'Bianco PC 2010', None}**, *Chromatic adaptation* transform, if *None* no chromatic adaptation is performed. additional_data : bool, optional If *True*, the *XYZ* and *RGB* tristimulus values are also returned. Returns ------- tuple tuple of *Input Device Transform* (IDT) matrix and white balance multipliers or tuple of *Input Device Transform* (IDT) matrix, white balance multipliers, *XYZ* and *RGB* tristimulus values. References ---------- :cite:`Dyer2017`, :cite:`TheAcademyofMotionPictureArtsandSciences2015c` Examples -------- Computing the *Input Device Transform* (IDT) matrix for a *CANON EOS 5DMark II* and *CIE Illuminant D Series* *D55* using the method given in *RAW to ACES* v1: >>> path = os.path.join( ... RESOURCES_DIRECTORY_RAWTOACES, ... 'CANON_EOS_5DMark_II_RGB_Sensitivities.csv') >>> sensitivities = sds_and_msds_to_msds( ... read_sds_from_csv_file(path).values()) >>> illuminant = SDS_ILLUMINANTS['D55'] >>> M, RGB_w = matrix_idt(sensitivities, illuminant) >>> np.around(M, 3) array([[ 0.85 , -0.016, 0.151], [ 0.051, 1.126, -0.185], [ 0.02 , -0.194, 1.162]]) >>> RGB_w # doctest: +ELLIPSIS array([ 2.3414154..., 1. , 1.5163375...]) The *RAW to ACES* v1 matrix for the same camera and optimized by `Ceres Solver <http://ceres-solver.org/>`__ is as follows: 0.864994 -0.026302 0.161308 0.056527 1.122997 -0.179524 0.023683 -0.202547 1.178864 >>> M, RGB_w = matrix_idt( ... sensitivities, illuminant, ... optimisation_factory=optimisation_factory_JzAzBz) >>> np.around(M, 3) array([[ 0.848, -0.016, 0.158], [ 0.053, 1.114, -0.175], [ 0.023, -0.225, 1.196]]) >>> RGB_w # doctest: +ELLIPSIS array([ 2.3414154..., 1. , 1.5163375...]) """ if training_data is None: training_data = read_training_data_rawtoaces_v1() shape = cmfs.shape if sensitivities.shape != shape: runtime_warning('Aligning "{0}" sensitivities shape to "{1}".'.format( sensitivities.name, shape)) sensitivities = sensitivities.copy().align(shape) if illuminant.shape != shape: runtime_warning('Aligning "{0}" illuminant shape to "{1}".'.format( illuminant.name, shape)) illuminant = illuminant.copy().align(shape) if training_data.shape != shape: runtime_warning('Aligning "{0}" training data shape to "{1}".'.format( training_data.name, shape)) training_data = training_data.copy().align(shape) illuminant = normalise_illuminant(illuminant, sensitivities) RGB, RGB_w = training_data_sds_to_RGB(training_data, sensitivities, illuminant) XYZ = training_data_sds_to_XYZ(training_data, cmfs, illuminant, chromatic_adaptation_transform) objective_function, XYZ_to_optimization_colour_model = ( optimisation_factory()) optimisation_settings = { 'method': 'BFGS', 'jac': '2-point', } if optimisation_kwargs is not None: optimisation_settings.update(optimisation_kwargs) M = minimize(objective_function, np.ravel(np.identity(3)), (RGB, XYZ_to_optimization_colour_model(XYZ)), **optimisation_settings).x.reshape([3, 3]) if additional_data: return M, RGB_w, XYZ, RGB else: return M, RGB_w
[docs]def camera_RGB_to_ACES2065_1(RGB, B, b, k=np.ones(3), clip=False): """ Converts given camera *RGB* colourspace array to *ACES2065-1* colourspace using the *Input Device Transform* (IDT) matrix :math:`B`, the white balance multipliers :math:`b` and the exposure factor :math:`k` according to *P-2013-001* procedure. Parameters ---------- RGB : array_like Camera *RGB* colourspace array. B : array_like *Input Device Transform* (IDT) matrix :math:`B`. b : array_like White balance multipliers :math:`b`. k : array_like, optional Exposure factor :math:`k` that results in a nominally "18% gray" object in the scene producing ACES values [0.18, 0.18, 0.18]. clip : bool, optional Whether to clip the white balanced camera *RGB* colourspace array between :math:`-\\infty` and 1. The intent is to keep sensor saturated values achromatic after white balancing. Returns ------- ndarray *ACES2065-1* colourspace relative exposure values array. References ---------- :cite:`TheAcademyofMotionPictureArtsandSciences2015c` Examples -------- >>> path = os.path.join( ... RESOURCES_DIRECTORY_RAWTOACES, ... 'CANON_EOS_5DMark_II_RGB_Sensitivities.csv') >>> sensitivities = sds_and_msds_to_msds( ... read_sds_from_csv_file(path).values()) >>> illuminant = SDS_ILLUMINANTS['D55'] >>> B, b = matrix_idt(sensitivities, illuminant) >>> camera_RGB_to_ACES2065_1(np.array([0.1, 0.2, 0.3]), B, b) ... # doctest: +ELLIPSIS array([ 0.2646811..., 0.1528898..., 0.4944335...]) """ RGB = as_float_array(RGB) B = as_float_array(B) b = as_float_array(b) k = as_float_array(k) RGB_r = b * RGB / np.min(b) RGB_r = np.clip(RGB_r, -np.inf, 1) if clip else RGB_r return k * vector_dot(B, RGB_r)