Source code for colour.appearance.hellwig2022

"""
Hellwig and Fairchild (2022) Colour Appearance Model
====================================================

Defines the *Hellwig and Fairchild (2022)* colour appearance model objects:

-   :class:`colour.appearance.InductionFactors_Hellwig2022`
-   :attr:`colour.VIEWING_CONDITIONS_HELLWIG2022`
-   :class:`colour.CAM_Specification_Hellwig2022`
-   :func:`colour.XYZ_to_Hellwig2022`
-   :func:`colour.Hellwig2022_to_XYZ`

References
----------
-   :cite:`Fairchild2022` : Fairchild, M. D., & Hellwig, L. (2022). Private
    Discussion with Mansencal, T.
-   :cite:`Hellwig2022` : Hellwig, L., & Fairchild, M. D. (2022). Brightness,
    lightness, colorfulness, and chroma in CIECAM02 and CAM16. Color Research
    & Application, col.22792. doi:10.1002/col.22792
"""

from __future__ import annotations

import numpy as np
from collections import namedtuple
from dataclasses import astuple, dataclass, field

from colour.algebra import sdiv, sdiv_mode, vector_dot
from colour.appearance.cam16 import MATRIX_16, MATRIX_INVERSE_16
from colour.appearance.ciecam02 import (
    InductionFactors_CIECAM02,
    VIEWING_CONDITIONS_CIECAM02,
    achromatic_response_inverse,
    base_exponential_non_linearity,
    degree_of_adaptation,
    hue_angle,
    hue_quadrature,
    lightness_correlate,
    luminance_level_adaptation_factor,
    opponent_colour_dimensions_forward,
    post_adaptation_non_linear_response_compression_forward,
    post_adaptation_non_linear_response_compression_inverse,
    matrix_post_adaptation_non_linear_response_compression,
)
from colour.hints import (
    ArrayLike,
    Boolean,
    FloatingOrArrayLike,
    FloatingOrNDArray,
    NDArray,
    Optional,
    Tuple,
    Union,
)
from colour.utilities import (
    CanonicalMapping,
    MixinDataclassArithmetic,
    as_float,
    as_float_array,
    from_range_100,
    from_range_degrees,
    has_only_nan,
    ones,
    to_domain_100,
    to_domain_degrees,
    tsplit,
    tstack,
)

__author__ = "Colour Developers"
__copyright__ = "Copyright 2013 Colour Developers"
__license__ = "New BSD License - https://opensource.org/licenses/BSD-3-Clause"
__maintainer__ = "Colour Developers"
__email__ = "colour-developers@colour-science.org"
__status__ = "Production"

__all__ = [
    "InductionFactors_Hellwig2022",
    "VIEWING_CONDITIONS_HELLWIG2022",
    "CAM_Specification_Hellwig2022",
    "XYZ_to_Hellwig2022",
    "Hellwig2022_to_XYZ",
]


[docs]class InductionFactors_Hellwig2022( namedtuple("InductionFactors_Hellwig2022", ("F", "c", "N_c")) ): """ *Hellwig and Fairchild (2022)* colour appearance model induction factors. Parameters ---------- F Maximum degree of adaptation :math:`F`. c Exponential non-linearity :math:`c`. N_c Chromatic induction factor :math:`N_c`. Notes ----- - The *Hellwig and Fairchild (2022)* colour appearance model induction factors are the same as *CIECAM02* and *CAM16* colour appearance model. References ---------- :cite:`Fairchild2022`, :cite:`Hellwig2022` """
VIEWING_CONDITIONS_HELLWIG2022: CanonicalMapping = CanonicalMapping( VIEWING_CONDITIONS_CIECAM02 ) VIEWING_CONDITIONS_HELLWIG2022.__doc__ = """ Reference *Hellwig and Fairchild (2022)* colour appearance model viewing conditions. References ---------- :cite:`Hellwig2022` """
[docs]@dataclass class CAM_Specification_Hellwig2022(MixinDataclassArithmetic): """ Define the *Hellwig and Fairchild (2022)* colour appearance model specification. Parameters ---------- J Correlate of *Lightness* :math:`J`. C Correlate of *chroma* :math:`C`. h *Hue* angle :math:`h` in degrees. s Correlate of *saturation* :math:`s`. Q Correlate of *brightness* :math:`Q`. M Correlate of *colourfulness* :math:`M`. H *Hue* :math:`h` quadrature :math:`H`. HC *Hue* :math:`h` composition :math:`H^C`. References ---------- :cite:`Fairchild2022`, :cite:`Hellwig2022` """ J: Optional[FloatingOrNDArray] = field(default_factory=lambda: None) C: Optional[FloatingOrNDArray] = field(default_factory=lambda: None) h: Optional[FloatingOrNDArray] = field(default_factory=lambda: None) s: Optional[FloatingOrNDArray] = field(default_factory=lambda: None) Q: Optional[FloatingOrNDArray] = field(default_factory=lambda: None) M: Optional[FloatingOrNDArray] = field(default_factory=lambda: None) H: Optional[FloatingOrNDArray] = field(default_factory=lambda: None) HC: Optional[FloatingOrNDArray] = field(default_factory=lambda: None)
[docs]def XYZ_to_Hellwig2022( XYZ: ArrayLike, XYZ_w: ArrayLike, L_A: FloatingOrArrayLike, Y_b: FloatingOrArrayLike, surround: Union[ InductionFactors_CIECAM02, InductionFactors_Hellwig2022 ] = VIEWING_CONDITIONS_HELLWIG2022["Average"], discount_illuminant: Boolean = False, ) -> CAM_Specification_Hellwig2022: """ Compute the *Hellwig and Fairchild (2022)* colour appearance model correlates from given *CIE XYZ* tristimulus values. Parameters ---------- XYZ *CIE XYZ* tristimulus values of test sample / stimulus. XYZ_w *CIE XYZ* tristimulus values of reference white. L_A Adapting field *luminance* :math:`L_A` in :math:`cd/m^2`, (often taken to be 20% of the luminance of a white object in the scene). Y_b Luminous factor of background :math:`Y_b` such as :math:`Y_b = 100 x L_b / L_w` where :math:`L_w` is the luminance of the light source and :math:`L_b` is the luminance of the background. For viewing images, :math:`Y_b` can be the average :math:`Y` value for the pixels in the entire image, or frequently, a :math:`Y` value of 20, approximate an :math:`L^*` of 50 is used. surround Surround viewing conditions induction factors. discount_illuminant Truth value indicating if the illuminant should be discounted. Returns ------- :class:`colour.CAM_Specification_Hellwig2022` *Hellwig and Fairchild (2022)* colour appearance model specification. Notes ----- +------------+-----------------------+---------------+ | **Domain** | **Scale - Reference** | **Scale - 1** | +============+=======================+===============+ | ``XYZ`` | [0, 100] | [0, 1] | +------------+-----------------------+---------------+ | ``XYZ_w`` | [0, 100] | [0, 1] | +------------+-----------------------+---------------+ +-------------------------------------+-----------------------+-----------\ ----+ | **Range** | **Scale - Reference** | **Scale - \ 1** | +=====================================+=======================+===========\ ====+ | ``CAM_Specification_Hellwig2022.J`` | [0, 100] | [0, 1] \ | +-------------------------------------+-----------------------+-----------\ ----+ | ``CAM_Specification_Hellwig2022.C`` | [0, 100] | [0, 1] \ | +-------------------------------------+-----------------------+-----------\ ----+ | ``CAM_Specification_Hellwig2022.h`` | [0, 360] | [0, 1] \ | +-------------------------------------+-----------------------+-----------\ ----+ | ``CAM_Specification_Hellwig2022.s`` | [0, 100] | [0, 1] \ | +-------------------------------------+-----------------------+-----------\ ----+ | ``CAM_Specification_Hellwig2022.Q`` | [0, 100] | [0, 1] \ | +-------------------------------------+-----------------------+-----------\ ----+ | ``CAM_Specification_Hellwig2022.M`` | [0, 100] | [0, 1] \ | +-------------------------------------+-----------------------+-----------\ ----+ | ``CAM_Specification_Hellwig2022.H`` | [0, 400] | [0, 1] \ | +-------------------------------------+-----------------------+-----------\ ----+ References ---------- :cite:`Fairchild2022`, :cite:`Hellwig2022` Examples -------- >>> XYZ = np.array([19.01, 20.00, 21.78]) >>> XYZ_w = np.array([95.05, 100.00, 108.88]) >>> L_A = 318.31 >>> Y_b = 20.0 >>> surround = VIEWING_CONDITIONS_HELLWIG2022['Average'] >>> XYZ_to_Hellwig2022(XYZ, XYZ_w, L_A, Y_b, surround) ... # doctest: +ELLIPSIS CAM_Specification_Hellwig2022(J=41.7312079..., C=0.0257636..., \ h=217.0679597..., s=0.0608550..., Q=55.8523226..., M=0.0339889..., \ H=275.5949861..., HC=None) """ XYZ = to_domain_100(XYZ) XYZ_w = to_domain_100(XYZ_w) _X_w, Y_w, _Z_w = tsplit(XYZ_w) L_A = as_float_array(L_A) Y_b = as_float_array(Y_b) # Step 0 # Converting *CIE XYZ* tristimulus values to sharpened *RGB* values. RGB_w = vector_dot(MATRIX_16, XYZ_w) # Computing degree of adaptation :math:`D`. D = ( np.clip(degree_of_adaptation(surround.F, L_A), 0, 1) if not discount_illuminant else ones(L_A.shape) ) F_L, z = viewing_conditions_dependent_parameters(Y_b, Y_w, L_A) D_RGB = D[..., None] * Y_w[..., None] / RGB_w + 1 - D[..., None] RGB_wc = D_RGB * RGB_w # Applying forward post-adaptation non-linear response compression. RGB_aw = post_adaptation_non_linear_response_compression_forward( RGB_wc, F_L ) # Computing achromatic responses for the whitepoint. A_w = achromatic_response_forward(RGB_aw) # Step 1 # Converting *CIE XYZ* tristimulus values to sharpened *RGB* values. RGB = vector_dot(MATRIX_16, XYZ) # Step 2 RGB_c = D_RGB * RGB # Step 3 # Applying forward post-adaptation non-linear response compression. RGB_a = post_adaptation_non_linear_response_compression_forward(RGB_c, F_L) # Step 4 # Converting to preliminary cartesian coordinates. a, b = tsplit(opponent_colour_dimensions_forward(RGB_a)) # Computing the *hue* angle :math:`h`. h = hue_angle(a, b) # Step 5 # Computing eccentricity factor *e_t*. e_t = eccentricity_factor(h) # Computing hue :math:`h` quadrature :math:`H`. H = hue_quadrature(h) # TODO: Compute hue composition. # Step 6 # Computing achromatic responses for the stimulus. A = achromatic_response_forward(RGB_a) # Step 7 # Computing the correlate of *Lightness* :math:`J`. J = lightness_correlate(A, A_w, surround.c, z) # Step 8 # Computing the correlate of *brightness* :math:`Q`. Q = brightness_correlate(surround.c, J, A_w) # Step 9 # Computing the correlate of *colourfulness* :math:`M`. M = colourfulness_correlate(surround.N_c, e_t, a, b) # Computing the correlate of *chroma* :math:`C`. C = chroma_correlate(M, A_w) # Computing the correlate of *saturation* :math:`s`. s = saturation_correlate(M, Q) return CAM_Specification_Hellwig2022( as_float(from_range_100(J)), as_float(from_range_100(C)), as_float(from_range_degrees(h)), as_float(from_range_100(s)), as_float(from_range_100(Q)), as_float(from_range_100(M)), as_float(from_range_degrees(H, 400)), None, )
[docs]def Hellwig2022_to_XYZ( specification: CAM_Specification_Hellwig2022, XYZ_w: ArrayLike, L_A: FloatingOrArrayLike, Y_b: FloatingOrArrayLike, surround: Union[ InductionFactors_CIECAM02, InductionFactors_Hellwig2022 ] = VIEWING_CONDITIONS_HELLWIG2022["Average"], discount_illuminant: Boolean = False, ) -> NDArray: """ Convert from *Hellwig and Fairchild (2022)* specification to *CIE XYZ* tristimulus values. Parameters ---------- specification : CAM_Specification_Hellwig2022 *Hellwig and Fairchild (2022)* colour appearance model specification. Correlate of *Lightness* :math:`J`, correlate of *chroma* :math:`C` or correlate of *colourfulness* :math:`M` and *hue* angle :math:`h` in degrees must be specified, e.g. :math:`JCh` or :math:`JMh`. XYZ_w *CIE XYZ* tristimulus values of reference white. L_A Adapting field *luminance* :math:`L_A` in :math:`cd/m^2`, (often taken to be 20% of the luminance of a white object in the scene). Y_b Luminous factor of background :math:`Y_b` such as :math:`Y_b = 100 x L_b / L_w` where :math:`L_w` is the luminance of the light source and :math:`L_b` is the luminance of the background. For viewing images, :math:`Y_b` can be the average :math:`Y` value for the pixels in the entire image, or frequently, a :math:`Y` value of 20, approximate an :math:`L^*` of 50 is used. surround Surround viewing conditions. discount_illuminant Discount the illuminant. Returns ------- :class:`numpy.ndarray` *CIE XYZ* tristimulus values. Raises ------ ValueError If neither *C* or *M* correlates have been defined in the ``CAM_Specification_Hellwig2022`` argument. Notes ----- +-------------------------------------+-----------------------+-----------\ ----+ | **Domain** | **Scale - Reference** | **Scale - \ 1** | +=====================================+=======================+===========\ ====+ | ``CAM_Specification_Hellwig2022.J`` | [0, 100] | [0, 1] \ | +-------------------------------------+-----------------------+-----------\ ----+ | ``CAM_Specification_Hellwig2022.C`` | [0, 100] | [0, 1] \ | +-------------------------------------+-----------------------+-----------\ ----+ | ``CAM_Specification_Hellwig2022.h`` | [0, 360] | [0, 1] \ | +-------------------------------------+-----------------------+-----------\ ----+ | ``CAM_Specification_Hellwig2022.s`` | [0, 100] | [0, 1] \ | +-------------------------------------+-----------------------+-----------\ ----+ | ``CAM_Specification_Hellwig2022.Q`` | [0, 100] | [0, 1] \ | +-------------------------------------+-----------------------+-----------\ ----+ | ``CAM_Specification_Hellwig2022.M`` | [0, 100] | [0, 1] \ | +-------------------------------------+-----------------------+-----------\ ----+ | ``CAM_Specification_Hellwig2022.H`` | [0, 360] | [0, 1] \ | +-------------------------------------+-----------------------+-----------\ ----+ | ``XYZ_w`` | [0, 100] | [0, 1] \ | +-------------------------------------+-----------------------+-----------\ ----+ +-----------+-----------------------+---------------+ | **Range** | **Scale - Reference** | **Scale - 1** | +===========+=======================+===============+ | ``XYZ`` | [0, 100] | [0, 1] | +-----------+-----------------------+---------------+ References ---------- :cite:`Fairchild2022`, :cite:`Hellwig2022` Examples -------- >>> specification = CAM_Specification_Hellwig2022(J=41.731207905126638, ... C=0.025763615829912909, ... h=217.06795976739301) >>> XYZ_w = np.array([95.05, 100.00, 108.88]) >>> L_A = 318.31 >>> Y_b = 20.0 >>> Hellwig2022_to_XYZ(specification, XYZ_w, L_A, Y_b) ... # doctest: +ELLIPSIS array([ 19.01..., 20... , 21.78...]) """ J, C, h, _s, _Q, M, _H, _HC = astuple(specification) J = to_domain_100(J) C = to_domain_100(C) h = to_domain_degrees(h) M = to_domain_100(M) L_A = as_float_array(L_A) XYZ_w = to_domain_100(XYZ_w) _X_w, Y_w, _Z_w = tsplit(XYZ_w) # Step 0 # Converting *CIE XYZ* tristimulus values to sharpened *RGB* values. RGB_w = vector_dot(MATRIX_16, XYZ_w) # Computing degree of adaptation :math:`D`. D = ( np.clip(degree_of_adaptation(surround.F, L_A), 0, 1) if not discount_illuminant else ones(L_A.shape) ) F_L, z = viewing_conditions_dependent_parameters(Y_b, Y_w, L_A) D_RGB = D[..., None] * Y_w[..., None] / RGB_w + 1 - D[..., None] RGB_wc = D_RGB * RGB_w # Applying forward post-adaptation non-linear response compression. RGB_aw = post_adaptation_non_linear_response_compression_forward( RGB_wc, F_L ) # Computing achromatic responses for the whitepoint. A_w = achromatic_response_forward(RGB_aw) # Step 1 if has_only_nan(M) and not has_only_nan(C): M = (C * A_w) / 35 elif has_only_nan(M): raise ValueError( 'Either "C" or "M" correlate must be defined in ' 'the "CAM_Specification_Hellwig2022" argument!' ) # Step 2 # Computing eccentricity factor *e_t*. e_t = eccentricity_factor(h) # Computing achromatic response :math:`A` for the stimulus. A = achromatic_response_inverse(A_w, J, surround.c, z) # Computing *P_p_1* to *P_p_2*. P_p_n = P_p(surround.N_c, e_t, A) P_p_1, P_p_2 = tsplit(P_p_n) # Step 3 # Computing opponent colour dimensions :math:`a` and :math:`b`. ab = opponent_colour_dimensions_inverse(P_p_1, h, M) a, b = tsplit(ab) # Step 4 # Applying post-adaptation non-linear response compression matrix. RGB_a = matrix_post_adaptation_non_linear_response_compression(P_p_2, a, b) # Step 5 # Applying inverse post-adaptation non-linear response compression. RGB_c = post_adaptation_non_linear_response_compression_inverse( RGB_a + 0.1, F_L ) # Step 6 RGB = RGB_c / D_RGB # Step 7 XYZ = vector_dot(MATRIX_INVERSE_16, RGB) return from_range_100(XYZ)
def viewing_conditions_dependent_parameters( Y_b: FloatingOrArrayLike, Y_w: FloatingOrArrayLike, L_A: FloatingOrArrayLike, ) -> Tuple[FloatingOrNDArray, FloatingOrNDArray]: """ Return the viewing condition dependent parameters. Parameters ---------- Y_b Adapting field *Y* tristimulus value :math:`Y_b`. Y_w Whitepoint *Y* tristimulus value :math:`Y_w`. L_A Adapting field *luminance* :math:`L_A` in :math:`cd/m^2`. Returns ------- :class:`tuple` Viewing condition dependent parameters. Examples -------- >>> viewing_conditions_dependent_parameters(20.0, 100.0, 318.31) ... # doctest: +ELLIPSIS (1.1675444..., 1.9272135...) """ Y_b = as_float_array(Y_b) Y_w = as_float_array(Y_w) with sdiv_mode(): n = sdiv(Y_b, Y_w) F_L = luminance_level_adaptation_factor(L_A) z = base_exponential_non_linearity(n) return F_L, z def achromatic_response_forward(RGB: ArrayLike) -> FloatingOrNDArray: """ Return the achromatic response :math:`A` from given compressed *CAM16* transform sharpened *RGB* array and :math:`N_{bb}` chromatic induction factor for forward *Hellwig and Fairchild (2022)* implementation. Parameters ---------- RGB Compressed *CAM16* transform sharpened *RGB* array. Returns ------- :class:`numpy.floating` or :class:`numpy.ndarray` Achromatic response :math:`A`. Examples -------- >>> RGB = np.array([7.94634384, 7.94713791, 7.9488967]) >>> achromatic_response_forward(RGB) # doctest: +ELLIPSIS 23.9322704... """ R, G, B = tsplit(RGB) A = 2 * R + G + 0.05 * B - 0.305 return A def opponent_colour_dimensions_inverse( P_p_1: FloatingOrArrayLike, h: FloatingOrArrayLike, M: FloatingOrArrayLike ) -> NDArray: """ Return opponent colour dimensions from given point :math:`P'_1`, hue :math:`h` in degrees and correlate of *colourfulness* :math:`M` for inverse *Hellwig and Fairchild (2022)* implementation. Parameters ---------- P_p_1 Point :math:`P'_1`. h Hue :math:`h` in degrees. M Correlate of *colourfulness* :math:`M`. Returns ------- :class:`numpy.ndarray` Opponent colour dimensions. Examples -------- >>> P_p_1 = 48.7719436928 >>> h = 217.067959767393 >>> M = 0.0387637282462 >>> opponent_colour_dimensions_inverse(P_p_1, h, M) # doctest: +ELLIPSIS array([-0.0006341..., -0.0004790...]) """ P_p_1 = as_float_array(P_p_1) M = as_float_array(M) hr = np.radians(h) with sdiv_mode(): gamma = M / P_p_1 a = gamma * np.cos(hr) b = gamma * np.sin(hr) ab = tstack([a, b]) return ab def eccentricity_factor(h: FloatingOrArrayLike) -> FloatingOrNDArray: """ Return the eccentricity factor :math:`e_t` from given hue :math:`h` angle in degrees for forward *CIECAM02* implementation. Parameters ---------- h Hue :math:`h` angle in degrees. Returns ------- :class:`numpy.floating` or :class:`numpy.ndarray` Eccentricity factor :math:`e_t`. Examples -------- >>> eccentricity_factor(217.067959767393) # doctest: +ELLIPSIS 0.9945215... """ h = as_float_array(h) hr = np.radians(h) _h = hr _2_h = 2 * hr _3_h = 3 * hr _4_h = 4 * hr e_t = ( -0.0582 * np.cos(_h) - 0.0258 * np.cos(_2_h) - 0.1347 * np.cos(_3_h) + 0.0289 * np.cos(_4_h) - 0.1475 * np.sin(_h) - 0.0308 * np.sin(_2_h) + 0.0385 * np.sin(_3_h) + 0.0096 * np.sin(_4_h) + 1 ) return e_t def brightness_correlate( c: FloatingOrArrayLike, J: FloatingOrArrayLike, A_w: FloatingOrArrayLike, ) -> FloatingOrNDArray: """ Return the *brightness* correlate :math:`Q`. Parameters ---------- c Surround exponential non-linearity :math:`c`. J *Lightness* correlate :math:`J`. A_w Achromatic response :math:`A_w` for the whitepoint. Returns ------- :class:`numpy.floating` or :class:`numpy.ndarray` *Brightness* correlate :math:`Q`. Examples -------- >>> c = 0.69 >>> J = 41.7310911325 >>> A_w = 46.1741997997 >>> brightness_correlate(c, J, A_w) # doctest: +ELLIPSIS 55.8521663... """ c = as_float_array(c) J = as_float_array(J) A_w = as_float_array(A_w) with sdiv_mode(): Q = (2 / c) * (J / 100) * A_w return Q def colourfulness_correlate( N_c: FloatingOrArrayLike, e_t: FloatingOrArrayLike, a: FloatingOrArrayLike, b: FloatingOrArrayLike, ) -> FloatingOrNDArray: """ Return the *colourfulness* correlate :math:`M`. Parameters ---------- N_c Surround chromatic induction factor :math:`N_{c}`. e_t Eccentricity factor :math:`e_t`. a Opponent colour dimension :math:`a`. b Opponent colour dimension :math:`b`. Returns ------- :class:`numpy.floating` or :class:`numpy.ndarray` *Colourfulness* correlate :math:`M`. Examples -------- >>> N_c = 1 >>> e_t = 1.13423124867 >>> a = -0.00063418423001 >>> b = -0.000479072513542 >>> colourfulness_correlate(N_c, e_t, a, b) # doctest: +ELLIPSIS 0.0387637... """ N_c = as_float_array(N_c) e_t = as_float_array(e_t) a = as_float_array(a) b = as_float_array(b) M = 43 * N_c * e_t * np.sqrt(a**2 + b**2) return M def chroma_correlate( M: FloatingOrArrayLike, A_w: FloatingOrArrayLike, ) -> FloatingOrNDArray: """ Return the *chroma* correlate :math:`C`. Parameters ---------- M *Colourfulness* correlate :math:`M`. A_w Achromatic response :math:`A_w` for the whitepoint. Returns ------- :class:`numpy.floating` or :class:`numpy.ndarray` *Chroma* correlate :math:`C`. Examples -------- >>> M = 0.0387637282462 >>> A_w = 46.1741997997 >>> chroma_correlate(M, A_w) # doctest: +ELLIPSIS 0.0293828... """ M = as_float_array(M) A_w = as_float_array(A_w) with sdiv_mode(): C = 35 * sdiv(M, A_w) return C def saturation_correlate( M: FloatingOrArrayLike, Q: FloatingOrArrayLike ) -> FloatingOrNDArray: """ Return the *saturation* correlate :math:`s`. Parameters ---------- M *Colourfulness* correlate :math:`M`. Q *Brightness* correlate :math:`C`. Returns ------- :class:`numpy.floating` or :class:`numpy.ndarray` *Saturation* correlate :math:`s`. Examples -------- >>> M = 0.0387637282462 >>> Q = 55.8523226578 >>> saturation_correlate(M, Q) # doctest: +ELLIPSIS 0.0694039... """ M = as_float_array(M) Q = as_float_array(Q) with sdiv_mode(): s = 100 * sdiv(M, Q) return s def P_p( N_c: FloatingOrArrayLike, e_t: FloatingOrArrayLike, A: FloatingOrArrayLike, ) -> NDArray: """ Return the points :math:`P'_1` and :math:`P'_2`. Parameters ---------- N_c Surround chromatic induction factor :math:`N_{c}`. e_t Eccentricity factor :math:`e_t`. A Achromatic response :math:`A` for the stimulus. Returns ------- :class:`numpy.ndarray` Points :math:`P'`. Examples -------- >>> N_c = 1 >>> e_t = 1.13423124867 >>> A = 23.9322704261 >>> P_p(N_c, e_t, A) # doctest: +ELLIPSIS array([ 48.7719436..., 23.9322704...]) """ N_c = as_float_array(N_c) e_t = as_float_array(e_t) A = as_float_array(A) P_p_1 = 43 * N_c * e_t P_p_2 = A P_p_n = tstack([P_p_1, P_p_2]) return P_p_n